2018 YKS Yabancı Dil Testi Soruları (YDT) (Part 3)

2018 YKS Yabancı Dil Testi Soruları (YDT) (Part 3)

Tebrikler - 2018 YKS Yabancı Dil Testi Soruları (YDT) (Part 3) adlı sınavı başarıyla tamamladınız. Sizin aldığınız skor %%SCORE%% en yüksek skor %%TOTAL%%. Hakkınızdaki düşüncemiz %%RATING%%
Yanıtlarınız aşağıdaki gibidir.
Soru 1

The continents are the major land masses of the Earth and ---- around 29 per cent of the planet’s surface

A
provide
B
threaten
C
occupy
D
maintain
E
initiate
Soru 2

Although simple games ---- available on mainframe computers in the years after the Second World War, their widespread adoption ---- until the emergence of personal computers

A
used to be / would have waited
B
were / had to wait
C
would have been / must have waited
D
had been / should have waited
E
were going to be / could wait
Soru 3

Research has shown that children ---- secure attachments to parents develop more positive relationships with teachers and friends ---- their family

A
with / beyond
B
of / towards
C
on / across
D
under / over
E
in / about
Soru 4

Research involving animals is controversial, but when conducted ---- ethical guidelines, it yields significant benefits ---- humans

A
over / to
B
in / from
C
within / for
D
at / about
E
through / by
Soru 5

Not ---- speaker can create great literature, but ---- who knows a language can create and understand new sentences

A
any / no one
B
each / nobody
C
every / anybody
D
one / everybody
E
another / someone
Soru 6

Many lakes in the world seem to be warming, shrinking and even disappearing ----.

A
as a consequence of unsustainable water use and climate change
B
rather than having their water withdrawn to irrigate surrounding agricultural fields
C
in contrast with groundwater salinisation, making the land less appropriate for agriculture
D
despite the ever-rising water extraction and climate change in some regions
E
in terms of their vulnerability to becoming shallow and having skyrocketing salt levels
Soru 7

Today’s symphony orchestra has its roots in 17th century bands. The earliest orchestras, usually attached to a church, or a theatre, varied in structure from place to place. They were often directed from the keyboard or by the principal violinist. During the 18th century, as popular works such as those by Haydn and Mozart began to be played all over Europe, some standardization of the orchestra became necessary. A string section comprising violins, violas, cellos, and double basses was usually joined by two horns, two flutes, two trumpets, and timpani. The clarinet became a standard member of the orchestra only at the end of the 18th century. The 19th century saw the rise of public concerts in large halls, which necessitated louder instruments and larger orchestras. As a result, instruments changed. They were redesigned and adapted to enable them to project further. Larger and smaller versions of some instruments, such as the piccolo, cor anglais, and bass clarinet, were featured more frequently. Some new instruments were also added, with trombones and later, tubas becoming standard members of the orchestra.

According to the passage, the first orchestras ......

A
did not all have a consistent structure
B
were able to perform only in churches and theatres
C
used the same instruments as modern orchestras do today
D
reached their audiences with louder instruments in larger halls
E
had almost the same structural system with each other
Soru 8

Today’s symphony orchestra has its roots in 17th century bands. The earliest orchestras, usually attached to a church, or a theatre, varied in structure from place to place. They were often directed from the keyboard or by the principal violinist. During the 18th century, as popular works such as those by Haydn and Mozart began to be played all over Europe, some standardization of the orchestra became necessary. A string section comprising violins, violas, cellos, and double basses was usually joined by two horns, two flutes, two trumpets, and timpani. The clarinet became a standard member of the orchestra only at the end of the 18th century. The 19th century saw the rise of public concerts in large halls, which necessitated louder instruments and larger orchestras. As a result, instruments changed. They were redesigned and adapted to enable them to project further. Larger and smaller versions of some instruments, such as the piccolo, cor anglais, and bass clarinet, were featured more frequently. Some new instruments were also added, with trombones and later, tubas becoming standard members of the orchestra.

 It is pointed out in the passage that orchestras in the 19th century ----

A
required more members and instruments modified to project sound further
B
wanted to redesign their instruments so as to use them in small churches and theatres
C
changed a lot due to the different religious and cultural demands of the leaders at that time
D
were only led by keyboards and principal violinists
E
added trombones and tubas because the variety of instruments in orchestras was limited
Soru 9

Today’s symphony orchestra has its roots in 17th century bands. The earliest orchestras, usually attached to a church, or a theatre, varied in structure from place to place. They were often directed from the keyboard or by the principal violinist. During the 18th century, as popular works such as those by Haydn and Mozart began to be played all over Europe, some standardization of the orchestra became necessary. A string section comprising violins, violas, cellos, and double basses was usually joined by two horns, two flutes, two trumpets, and timpani. The clarinet became a standard member of the orchestra only at the end of the 18th century. The 19th century saw the rise of public concerts in large halls, which necessitated louder instruments and larger orchestras. As a result, instruments changed. They were redesigned and adapted to enable them to project further. Larger and smaller versions of some instruments, such as the piccolo, cor anglais, and bass clarinet, were featured more frequently. Some new instruments were also added, with trombones and later, tubas becoming standard members of the orchestra.

  What is the main purpose of the passage?

A
To explain how classical music got to be so popular in today’s modern world
B
To inform readers about the differences between the 17th and 19th century orchestras
C
To inspire and encourage people to start listening to classical music
D
To give examples of the types of instruments which were changed or modified after the 19th century
E
To show how orchestras have changed over the years in terms of their structure and instruments
Soru 10

It was a road that kicked off the pattern of destruction in the Amazon forest. During the 1970s, Brazil began building the Trans-Amazonian Highway from near the country’s easternmost point to its western border, where the state of Amazonas meets Peru. The route opened up the heart of the Amazon to settlement, causing deforestation rates to increase. During the 1990s and early 2000s, more than 25,000 square kilometres of rainforest per year were cleared out. Throughout these years, roads have provided the means to penetrate the forest and eliminate large chunks of it. In an unpublished study of the Brazilian Amazon, researcher Christopher Barber found that 95% of deforestation in the region occurs within 7 kilometres of a road. Once construction begins, road crews are quickly followed by land speculators, loggers, farmers, ranchers, gold miners and others who carve away the forest along the route. This creates great treeless expanses in the landscape, but research is now showing that the building of roads also triggers environmental changes in the remaining forest that can dry out trees, set the stage for wildfires, and weaken the ecosystem.

Which of the following can be said about the Amazon forest?

A
Although it damaged the forest, the new highway enabled the people of Amazonas to better travel to Peru
B
The state of Brazil had to build roads through it for the people who were settled in the forest
C
From the 1990s onwards, 25,000 square kilometres were being cut down every year to make way for the new highway
D
Deforestation has not only affected Brazil’s eastern and western borders, but it has also started to spread through other countries
E
The rainforest has been suffering from a pattern of destruction in a scale it had not experienced before the 1970s
Soru 11

It was a road that kicked off the pattern of destruction in the Amazon forest. During the 1970s, Brazil began building the Trans-Amazonian Highway from near the country’s easternmost point to its western border, where the state of Amazonas meets Peru. The route opened up the heart of the Amazon to settlement, causing deforestation rates to increase. During the 1990s and early 2000s, more than 25,000 square kilometres of rainforest per year were cleared out. Throughout these years, roads have provided the means to penetrate the forest and eliminate large chunks of it. In an unpublished study of the Brazilian Amazon, researcher Christopher Barber found that 95% of deforestation in the region occurs within 7 kilometres of a road. Once construction begins, road crews are quickly followed by land speculators, loggers, farmers, ranchers, gold miners and others who carve away the forest along the route. This creates great treeless expanses in the landscape, but research is now showing that the building of roads also triggers environmental changes in the remaining forest that can dry out trees, set the stage for wildfires, and weaken the ecosystem.

Which of the following best describes the relationship between road construction and deforestation?

A
Although trees were cut down for the highway resulting in treeless landscapes, this was limited to an area of within 7 kilometres of a road
B
Since the road crews work with a lot of parties to carve away the forest, deforestation along the route is not affected at all.
C
According to research on the Brazilian Amazon, a very large percentage of deforestation is a direct consequence of building the Trans-Amazonian Highway
D
The highway and its branching roads were built to provide the necessary means of penetrating the forest to erase the traces of deforestation
E
Contrary to previous beliefs, research is now showing that road crews also set fires and dry out the trees during construction work
Soru 12

It was a road that kicked off the pattern of destruction in the Amazon forest. During the 1970s, Brazil began building the Trans-Amazonian Highway from near the country’s easternmost point to its western border, where the state of Amazonas meets Peru. The route opened up the heart of the Amazon to settlement, causing deforestation rates to increase. During the 1990s and early 2000s, more than 25,000 square kilometres of rainforest per year were cleared out. Throughout these years, roads have provided the means to penetrate the forest and eliminate large chunks of it. In an unpublished study of the Brazilian Amazon, researcher Christopher Barber found that 95% of deforestation in the region occurs within 7 kilometres of a road. Once construction begins, road crews are quickly followed by land speculators, loggers, farmers, ranchers, gold miners and others who carve away the forest along the route. This creates great treeless expanses in the landscape, but research is now showing that the building of roads also triggers environmental changes in the remaining forest that can dry out trees, set the stage for wildfires, and weaken the ecosystem.

One can conclude from the passage that the author mainly ---

A
wants to warn the Brazillian state against the future consequences of their project of Trans-Amazonian Highway
B
underlines the reasons why the Brazilian Amazon suffers more than the other parts of the fores
C
tries to point that the environmental effects of building roads are confused with the ones caused by humans
D
criticises people contributing to the deforestation process with their work
E
informs the reader on the effects building a road through the forest has on the local ecosystem
Soru 13

Journalist:  Experts warn that food industries are being threatened by a growing resistance to antibiotics.

Researcher:  Yes, it's becoming more serious day by day. A UK government report states that by 2050, antimicrobial resistance will cost more money than the current size of the world's economy, leading to catastrophes in food production.

Journalist:  ----

Researcher:  For example, if you buy a farmed salmon today, chances are it will have eaten a greater weight of antibiotics during its life than its own body weight.

Journalist:  So, we can say that farming practices are perfect for boosting antimicrobial resistance.

A
Can you tell us how antimicrobial resistance affects food?
B
We know that farmers rely heavily on antibiotics. What is the reason behind their practices?
C
What can health scientists and clinicians do to sort out the problem?
D
What else does the report warn us about?
E
Do you think food industries could collapse if resistance spreads?
Soru 14

As tourist numbers increase around the world, so do the types of activities they choose to undertake during their trip.

A
The large variety of activities that people want to take part in during their trip has dramatically increased the number of tourists in many parts of the world
B
Tourists have been increasing in number throughout the world, and accordingly, the activities they prefer to do during their trip are more varied
C
Because tourist numbers have been increasing all over the world, activities offered to them during their trip must be increased to meet their needs
D
Tourists, whose numbers are increasing throughout the world, believe that there is a sufficient range of activities to do during their trip
E
Tourists can now participate in a wide range of activities during their trip, which has boosted their numbers throughout the world
Soru 15

You and your friends went out for dinner. Your friends all found their meals delicious but you were dissatisfied with yours. You disagree with them about the quality of the food, so you say politely: ----

A
It appears that none of us liked the food, let’s go somewhere else for good desserts
B
I’m glad you all enjoyed your meals, but I must say I was a bit disappointed with mine
C
I’m really sorry, but I won’t be joining you in this restaurant again
D
This restaurant is very disappointing, especially the old decor and slow service
E
The food was terrible. I’m going to write a very negative review for this restaurant
Soru 16

The coffee tree is an evergreen. It grows in about 70 countries that offer suitable climates and altitudes. ---- They are picked from the tree during harvest – they contain two seeds, which after processing become coffee beans. The main commercially grown coffee tree species are Arabica and Robusta. While Robustas are high-yielding and resistant to pests and diseases, producing coffee cherries with rustic flavour, Arabicas are generally superior in flavour

A
The look and flavour of coffee are influenced by many forces, such as soil, sun exposure and rainfall patterns
B
The trees are cultivated with care, and grow for about 3-5 years before they flower and produce fruit, known as coffee cherries
C
As botanists discover new species with interesting flavours, the family tree of coffee continues to grow
D
Many coffee varieties are genetically similar, but have acquired different regional or local names
E
The movement of hot and cold air influences how the coffee cherries mature and taste
Soru 17

Recently, it is estimated that about 20% of the school age population in the United States speaks a language other than English at home

A
Son zamanlardaki tahminlere göre Birleşik Devletler’de okul çağındaki nüfusun yaklaşık %20’si evde İngilizceden başka bir dil konuşuyor
B
Birleşik Devletler’de son zamanlarda evde İngilizceden başka bir dil konuşan nüfusun yaklaşık %20’sinin okul çağında olduğu tahmin ediliyor
C
Son zamanlarda Birleşik Devletler’de okul çağındaki nüfusun yaklaşık %20’sinin evde İngilizceden başka bir dil konuştuğu tahmin ediliyor
D
Son zamanlarda evde İngilizceden başka bir dil konuşan okul çağındaki nüfusun yaklaşık %20’sinin Birleşik Devletler’de olduğu tahmin ediliyor
E
Son zamanlarda evde İngilizceden başka bir dil konuşanların, Birleşik Devletler’deki okul çağı nüfusunun %20’sini oluşturduğu tahmin ediliyor
Soru 18

Psychologists began to investigate how science could measure human activity because unconscious thought is hard to measure or quantify

A
Bilinçdışı düşünceyi ölçmek veya nicelemek güç olduğundan psikologlar bilimin insan etkinliğini nasıl ölçebileceğini araştırmaya başladılar
B
Bilinçdışı düşünceyi ölçmenin ya da nicelemenin zor olması sebebiyle bilimin insan etkinliğini nasıl ölçebileceği psikologlar tarafından araştırılmaya başlandı
C
Psikologların bilimin insan etkinliğini nasıl ölçebildiğini araştırmaya başlamalarının nedeni bilinçdışı düşünceyi ölçmenin ya da nicelemenin zorluğudur
D
Bilinçdışı düşünceyi ölçmekten ya da nicelemekten daha zor olduğu için, psikologlar bilimin insan etkinliğini nasıl ölçebildiğini araştırmaya başladılar.
E
Bilimin insan etkinliğini nasıl ölçebildiğini araştırmaya başlayan psikologlar için bilinçdışı düşünceyi ölçmek ya da nicelemek zordur
Soru 19

Avrasya’da ve Afrika’nın Nil bölgesinde ilk şehirlerin ortaya çıkması, insan hayatında hâlâ etkileri süren birçok değişikliğe sebep olmuştur

A
The rise of the earliest cities in Eurasia and the Nile area of Africa is known to have introduced lots of changes in human life, the effects of which we still experience
B
The rise of the earliest cities in Eurasia and the Nile area of Africa led to many changes that still have effects on human life
C
Upon the emergence of the earliest cities in Eurasia and the Nile area of Africa, a number of changes were introduced into the lives of humans and their effects still continue today
D
Several changes that took place due to the rise of the earliest cities in Eurasia and the Nile area of Africa have continued to be experienced in human life today
E
The earliest cities emerged in Eurasia and the Nile area of Africa resulting in a number of changes that still continue to affect human life
Soru 20

(I) Milk chocolate differs from dark chocolate in two ways: it contains a smaller percentage of cocoa solids, and it is sweeter and smoother due to its milk content. (II) Milk chocolate is very popular around the world these days because it has been adapted to many different national tastes. (III) The recipe of it was perfected in Switzerland by Daniel Peter in 1875. (IV) For many years, manufacturers had tried to find a way of mixing cocoa paste with milk without much luck, due to the latter’s high liquid content. (V) The invention of condensed milk by Henri Nestle finally made this possible

A
IV
B
V
C
II
D
I
E
III
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