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Yökdil Sosyal Bilimleri 2018 Çıkmış Sorular Çöz (Part 7)- Yökdil Paragraf Sorusu Çöz

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Soru 1

The way linguists use the word ‘grammar’ differs from most common usages. Grammar is the knowledge speakers have about the units and rules of their language: rules for combining sounds into words called ‘phonology’, rules of word formation called ‘morphology’, rules for combining words and phrases into sentences called ‘syntax’, as well as the rules for assigning meaning called ‘semantics’. The grammar, together with a mental dictionary called a ‘lexicon’ that lists the words of the language, represents our linguistic competence. Every human being who speaks a language knows its grammar. When linguists wish to describe a language, they make explicit the rules of the grammar of the language that exist in the minds of its speakers. There will be some differences among speakers, but there must be shared knowledge too. The shared knowledge makes it possible to communicate through language. To the extent that the linguist’s description is a true model of the speakers’ linguistic capacity, it is a successful description of the grammar and of the language itself. Such a model is called a descriptive grammar.

According to the text, in order to use language for communication, -------.

A
people must give up trying to describe grammar
B
everyone has to agree about grammar rules
C
a successful description of grammar is vital
D
a shared knowledge of grammar is necessary
E
it is essential to have a good dictionary
Soru 2

The way linguists use the word ‘grammar’ differs from most common usages. Grammar is the knowledge speakers have about the units and rules of their language: rules for combining sounds into words called ‘phonology’, rules of word formation called ‘morphology’, rules for combining words and phrases into sentences called ‘syntax’, as well as the rules for assigning meaning called ‘semantics’. The grammar, together with a mental dictionary called a ‘lexicon’ that lists the words of the language, represents our linguistic competence. Every human being who speaks a language knows its grammar. When linguists wish to describe a language, they make explicit the rules of the grammar of the language that exist in the minds of its speakers. There will be some differences among speakers, but there must be shared knowledge too. The shared knowledge makes it possible to communicate through language. To the extent that the linguist’s description is a true model of the speakers’ linguistic capacity, it is a successful description of the grammar and of the language itself. Such a model is called a descriptive grammar.

We understand from the text that -------.

A
linguists encourage people to speak a language without paying attention to grammar
B
descriptive grammar focuses on the exceptional uses of words
C
grammar does not describe basic linguistic knowledge but tells us how we should speak
D
it is only possible to speak a language by being proficient in its grammar rules
E
our capacity to use a language is defined by the combination of lexicon and grammar
Soru 3

The way linguists use the word ‘grammar’ differs from most common usages. Grammar is the knowledge speakers have about the units and rules of their language: rules for combining sounds into words called ‘phonology’, rules of word formation called ‘morphology’, rules for combining words and phrases into sentences called ‘syntax’, as well as the rules for assigning meaning called ‘semantics’. The grammar, together with a mental dictionary called a ‘lexicon’ that lists the words of the language, represents our linguistic competence. Every human being who speaks a language knows its grammar. When linguists wish to describe a language, they make explicit the rules of the grammar of the language that exist in the minds of its speakers. There will be some differences among speakers, but there must be shared knowledge too. The shared knowledge makes it possible to communicate through language. To the extent that the linguist’s description is a true model of the speakers’ linguistic capacity, it is a successful description of the grammar and of the language itself. Such a model is called a descriptive grammar.

According to the text, the grammer rules used to form sentences are called ...........

A
syntax
B
lexicon
C
phonology
D
morphology
E
semantics
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