YDS İngilizce Çıkmış Anlam Bütünlüğünü Sağlayan Sorular Çöz
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----. Traditionally, one of the most important tools used to study cell structures has been the microscope. In fact, cells were not described until 1665, when Robert Hooke examined the cell walls of dead cork cells using a microscope he had made. Hooke used the term “cell” because the tissue reminded him of the small rooms that monks lived in during that period.
Early biologists thought that the cell consisted of a homogeneous jelly, which they called protoplasm
A light microscope can be used to view stained or living cells, but at relatively low resolution
Lenses in the electron microscopes are actually magnets that bend the beam of electrons
Most of the methods used to prepare and stain cells for observation also kill them in the process
Because cells are so small, scientists have had to be extremely clever in devising methods for studying them
In the annals of computing, nothing has caused as much disappointment as putting ideas on paper. ----. However, with the coming of the inkjet printer it was soon possible to print really highquality images.
To start with, thermal inkjets were no match for the costlier laser printers that had just been introduced
Designers of printers grew more ambitious and they started to want colour, speed and low costs
The first inkjet printers were slow, messy machines, but they gradually got better and better
For all its originality the idea behind the inkjet is far from new
For decades, printing computer files was a thankless task for users seeking to reproduce precisely what they saw on their screens
Most Western industrialized nations have an individualistic orientation, which values independence and self-assertiveness. ----. They stress the interdependence of people within the community.
Actually, situational factors also play quite an important role
Individuals in collectivist Asian cultures are even less likely to commit such errors
This is why Americans tend to use psychological traits to describe themselves
In contrast, many non-Western cultures have a more collectivist orientation
There is no internal evidence to suggest this
Norwegians, like the Danes and Swedes, are of Teutonic origin. The Norsemen, also known as Vikings, ravaged the coasts of northwest Europe from the 8th to the 11th century and were ruled by local chieftains. ----. After 1442, the country was ruled by Danish kings until 1814, when it was united with Sweden in an uneasy partnership.
When the World War I broke out, Norway joined with Sweden and Denmark in a decision to cooperate in the joint interest of the three countries
Olaf II Haraldsson became the first effective king of all Norway in 1015 and began converting the Norwegians to Christianity
Norway became the second largest net oil exporter after Saudi Arabia in 1995
In the late 20th century, the Labor Party and the Conservative Party seesawed for control, each sometimes having to lead minority governments
Despite severe losses in the World War II, it recovered quickly as its economy expanded
Well into the 1860s the American West remained divided from the East by the harsh nature of the country’s interior. ----. Their aim was to build a railroad across the formidable mountainous lands of the Sierra Nevada. They were ridiculed on all sides, but the ambitious enterprise eventually succeeded.
Top engineers had agreed that the Sierra Nevada could not be crossed by road or rail
The high peaks of the Sierra Nevada were acknowledged as being impassable
Naturally, politicians were not in favour of uniting East and West
Their high-flying goal comes with similarly steep challenges
Then four merchants began raising money to fund a seemingly impossible project
Ice climbing and rock climbing share some important features. Both use ropes, harnesses, and other specialized equipment for ascending steep granite or blue ice. ----. A rock climber follows the natural cracks or weaknesses in the rock whereas, with ice tools in each hand, an ice climber has more freedom to blaze a path up and is limited only by the ice conditions and the technology of the tools
But once you find your footing, ice climbing can become addictive
However, climbing itself has always been considered to be very dangerous
However, climbing itself has always been considered to be very dangerous
But, the method of climbing in each case is different
Most ice climbing trips require an arduous trek into the mountains and possibly several nights out in the cold
Mollusks can be found in virtually every habitat on Earth and range in size from microscopic to more than 10 m long. ----. But others, the octopus for instance, are considered to be delicacies.
Not all of them, however, are encased in a shell
All the mollusks are invertebrate animals
They are indeed an extremely fascinating group of creatures
The octopus even has problem-solving abilities
Some, like the snails in our gardens, are regarded as pests
----. What he really seeks, however, are the most meaningful ones, and these vary from one context to another. His words may be grandiose or humble, fanciful or matter of fact, romantic or realistic, archaic or modern, technical or everyday, monosyllabic or polysyllabic.
It is not unusual for a poet also to be a musician
In the poem “Winter” Shakespeare is attempting to communicate the quality of winter life around a sixteenth century English country house
A poet creates new experiences for the reader in which the reader can participate
A frequent misconception of poetic language is that the poet seeks always the most beautiful or noble-sounding words
Language has many levels and varieties, and poets may choose from them all
In recent years, the amount of aid for developing countries has increased, and the price of many drugs has fallen. So why does one third of the world’s population still lack access to proper healthcare? ----. Many charge high tariffs on lifesaving medicines and equipment, sometimes even taxing products that are donated for free.
These regulatory constraints are imposed on a wide variety of medical equipment as well as drugs
Naturally, it is the right of any nation to raise income as it sees fit
To a large extent, the fault lies with the poor countries themselves
If these tariffs were lowered, it would dramatically increase access to pharmaceuticals
Thus, even in places where tariffs are waived, other barriers remain
How common are other civilizations in the universe? This question has fascinated humanity for centuries, but so far no definitive answer has been found. ----. Chief among these is the confirmation, after a long wait and several false starts, that planets exist outside our solar system.
The lack of success to date cannot be used to infer that Earth is the only planet with life
In spite of all this activity, researchers have made no positive detections of extraterrestrial signals
Most surprising of all is the speed with which life was established on this planet
A number of recent developments have brought the question once again to the fore
So far, astronomers have found no Earth-like planets, but we can be fairly confident that they will do so
No description of embarrassment would be complete without considering the blush. For many of us, it is the hallmark display of embarrassment. ----. Although the physiology of the blush is not fully understood, we are getting nearer to a better understanding of it.
Their results showed that blushing begins with a sharp increase of blood flow, which is then followed by a slower rise in facial temperature
Although smiling occurs during embarrassment, it has a different appearance from that of amusement
Generally speaking, heart rate and blood pressure tend to rise and fall in many emotional states such as anger, fear and happiness
On the other hand, in embarrassment, the lips turn up but without the accompanying action of the crinkling of the eyes
Actually, however, blushing does not necessarily accompany embarrassment, and facial reddening can occur during other physical and emotional states as well
Archaeologists have a duty, both to colleagues and to the general public, to explain what they are doing and why. ----. Further, their work can also be enjoyed by the wider public which, after all, has usually paid the bill for the work, however indirectly.
Many projects depend upon the willing hands of amateur enthusiasts
Archaeologists often prefer to dig new sites rather than devote time to laborious postexcavation analysis
Basically, this means publishing the discoveries so that the results are available to other scholars
Unfortunately, some archaeologists hoard their finds and prevent colleagues from gaining access to them
Up to 60 per cent of modern excavations apparently remain unpublished
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