YDS İngilizce Çıkmış Anlam Bütünlüğünü Sağlayan Sorular Çöz 12
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World War II left Europe a land of wreckage and confusion. Millions of refugees travelled hundreds or thousands of miles on foot to return to their homes while others were forcibly displaced from their lands. ----. Food remained in dangerously short supply, and even a year after the war roughly 100 million people in Europe still lived on less than 1,500 calories per day.
Since industry was essential to winning the war, centres of industry became vital military targets
The Soviet campaign to control eastern Europe did not go unchallenged
Historians estimate that in World War II nearly 50 million people died
In some areas housing was practically nonexistent, with no available means to build anew
Even more than World War I, World War II involved the combined efforts of whole populations
Despite numerous intellectual and literary advances, the longest-lived achievements of the Italian Renaissance were made in the realm of art. Of all the arts, painting was undoubtedly supreme. Although Giotto was the great artistic genius around 1300, it was not until the fifteenth century that Italian painting began to come fully of age. ----. Fifteenth-century artists also experimented with effects of light and shade and, for the first time, carefully studied the anatomy and proportions of the human body.
Sixteenth-century Italian writers, such as Machiavelli, Ariosto, Tasso, and Sannazaro, were also highly accomplished creators of imaginative prose and verse
From about 1450 until about 1600 Italian thought was dominated by a school of Neo-Platonists, who sought to blend Platonism with Christianity
Most Venetian painters showed little of the Florentine school’s concerns with philosophical and psychological issues
Perhaps the greatest of the Florentine artists was Leonardo da Vinci, one of the most versatile geniuses who ever lived
One reason for this was that, in the early fifteenth century, the laws of linear perspective were discovered and first employed to give the fullest sense of three dimensions
In the workplace a friend is very disappointed because someone else has been promoted to the position she felt she deserved. She is also extremely angry and talking of giving in her resignation. You feel this would be very unwise, and say:
Don’t you enjoy working here? I always thought you did.
Don’t do anything while you are so angry; you may regret it later.
After all, you are better qualified than anyone else here.
If you want to resign, do: there’s no one stopping you!
Of course you’re angry. You deserved to be promoted
Your sister is about to buy her first car, and wants your advice. You realize she is attracted to rather large and luxury-class models. You decide to give her a practical reason for choosing something smaller, and say:
I’d love to drive a car like that
Cars like that are for experienced drivers only!
What do you want a big car like that for?
Parking big cars like that is always a problem
That’s a difficult car for a learner driver.
The year 1960 seemed golden and full of promise. Despite nearly constant international tension, everyday life in Europe and North America seemed to be improving. Economies recovered, many standards of living rose, and new forms of culture flourished. The economic horizon looked bright. ----. Western Europeans could no longer be so certain of their prosperity or of their leaders’ ability to provide the sort of life they took for granted.
The civil rights movement in the US had enormous significance for the twentieth century
However, by 1990, most of the familiar landscape had been dramatically transformed
Legal changes would not have occurred without women’s movements of the time
These changes marked a new culture of mass consumption boosted by marketing, advertising, and credit payment
The most serious outbreak of student unrest in Europe came in Paris in the spring of 1968
St. Petersburg is not just a city of names and movements. It is also a city of bridges, with more of them than any other city in the whole world. With its 101 islands, it is also worthy of the title “city of islands.” Not only that, but it has enough canals to compete with Venice, Amsterdam, and Stockholm. ----. As Dostoevsky’s hero puts it, “It is the most abstract and fantastic city on earth.”
But most of all St. Petersburg is a city of culture, of literature and poetry in particular
The people of St. Petersburg are offered various educational opportunities
There are a total of 539 bridges, including 315 in the city centre
The sports facilities and activities in it cannot go unnoticed
A considerable number of painters and sculptors have lived there, too
Logistics as a business concept began to gain ground in the 1950s, particularly in the US. This was because, as businesses expanded and reached out both to far-flung markets and sources of materials, the need for expert logisticians became imperative. Logisticians applied their own ingenuity to create companies that aimed to deliver the right item in the right quantity at the right time in the right place for the right price. ----. Indeed, with increasing globalization and ever longer and more complex supply chains, logistics companies have become ever more sophisticated and adaptable.
The problems of the logistics industry have not been clearly identified yet
These aims have not changed, but the world has
No region in the world requires efficient logistics more urgently than Africa does
The US has led the way in the development of efficient logistical systems
Logistics is considered one of the most important aspects of military campaigns
Your niece has been for an interview for a post. She very much wanted the job on offer, but has been turned down. Learning that this was her first-ever interview, you want to help restore her confidence and give her some practical advice. So, you say:
Were the questions he asked really all that difficult?
The person who is giving the interview should try to put you at your ease
What did you do wrong at this interview? Did you feel you were being treated unfairly?
I’m sorry to hear that you were turned down
Don’t worry. This was your first interview. You need some practice in being interviewed! Apply for lots of posts and go to lots of interviews
Western perceptions of the Middle East as a viable tourist destination have been adversely affected by the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the US, the subsequent war on terrorism, and the war in Iraq. Indeed, the impact of the 9/11 attacks upon the tourist sector in the region has been profound. ----. North Africa in general and Tunisia in particular have fared comparatively well, but Morocco has suffered badly.
Especially, the effect on visitor numbers has been decisive although it has varied considerably from country to country
The target of 10 million visitors a year by 2010 may have been a little over-optimistic, although Egypt has made huge investments
Some of the driest parts of Morocco lie on the coast, and so one feasible option is to pipe water there from the Atlas Mountains
Morocco is already one of the biggest tourist destinations in the Middle East and North Africa, drawing 2.25 million visitors a year
Morocco has a better developed domestic beach culture than probably anywhere else in the Middle East or North Africa
A colleague has started to spend rather too lavishly and got herself into debt. But this doesn’t seem to worry her and she continues to buy very expensive and quite unnecessary things. One day you happen to see her on the point of buying shoes she doesn’t need and run across to stop her. You say to her firmly:
Let’s go and have a coffee somewhere and discuss the problem
Yes. They’re quite nice, but there’s really nothing special about them.
Think it over and come back tomorrow
No, you don’t! You’ve got to give up this reckless spending!
Are you sure you can afford them?
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