Yökdil Sağlık Bilimleri 2018 Çıkmış Sorular Çöz (Part 5)

Yökdil Sağlık Bilimleri 2018 Çıkmış Sorular Çöz (Part 5)

Tebrikler - Yökdil Sağlık Bilimleri 2018 Çıkmış Sorular Çöz (Part 5) adlı sınavı başarıyla tamamladınız. Sizin aldığınız skor %%SCORE%% en yüksek skor %%TOTAL%%. Hakkınızdaki düşüncemiz %%RATING%%
Yanıtlarınız aşağıdaki gibidir.
Soru 1

Cognitive-behavioural therapy, a type of psychotherapy, has proven effective in treating anxiety disorders. In this type of therapy, the therapist first educates the person about the nature of his or her particular anxiety disorder. -------. For example, to treat a person with a snake phobia, a therapist might gradually expose the person to snakes, beginning with pictures of snakes and progressing to rubber snakes and real snakes. Then, the patient can use relaxation techniques acquired in therapy to overcome the fear of snakes.

A
Then, the therapist helps the person cope with irrational thoughts that lead to anxiety
B
Medications may work better than psychotherapy when patients discontinue treatment
C
Many cultures in the world accept the expression of anxiety in public
D
Some individuals do not feel any anxiety when faced with difficult situations
E
A limited number of drugs can be used to reduce symptoms of anxiety
Soru 2

Acupuncture is based on the concept of ‘qi’, a life force or energy that practitioners say flows through the body along twenty distinct routes called meridians. -------. Inserting acupuncture needles at specific points along specific meridians is thought to clear those blockages and restore ‘qi’s natural flow, which in turn restores patients to health. Scientists have long understood that ‘qi’ is not a legitimate biological entity. But the acupuncture proponents among them have argued that acupuncture itself might still work, albeit by an as yet unknown mechanism.

A
The lack of scientific support for acupuncture has not stopped enthusiasm for the practice
B
Besides, the number of meridians starts to decline as we grow older
C
Blocked meridians are believed to cause illness by disrupting the flow of qi
D
Scientists have gained insights that could lead to new methods for treating pain
E
The procedure to get rid of blockages had been abandoned by the 1800s
Soru 3

(I) Hearing loss, however subtle, may have significant effects on a person’s ability to function in, and enjoy everyday life. (II) Researchers have been exploring the aging process for many decades in order to help slow it down. (III) Even mild to moderate hearing loss removes many common sounds from daily experience. (IV) Hearing aids, though they cannot restore normal sound quality and hearing, make it possible to participate in conversation and to hear many of the sounds that provide orientation to one’s personal environment. (V) With accommodation, most people with hearing loss are able to fully participate in nearly all activities that those who have normal hearing can experience.

A
III
B
I
C
II
D
IV
E
V
Soru 4

(I) There exists a wide variety of non-infectious diseases and disorders of the human respiratory system. (II) In many cases, psychological therapy may include the treatment of patients as a couple or family. (III) These conditions can be classified according to the specific anatomical regions of the respiratory tract that they affect. (IV) Thus, there are diseases of the upper airways; diseases of the pleura; diseases of the larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, and lungs; and diseases of the mediastinum and diaphragm. (V) Although these divisions provide a general outline of the ways in which diseases may affect the lung, they are by no means rigid.

A
IV
B
III
C
II
D
V
E
I
Soru 5

(I) Seasonal Affective Disorder is a subtype of depression usually characterized by the onset of depression in autumn or winter (II) Seasonal Affective Disorder is twice as common in women as in men and is associated with psychomotor retardation, hypersomnia, overeating, and weight gain. (III) To establish the diagnosis, this type of depression must recur for three or more consecutive years. (IV) The treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder relies primarily on phototherapy, using a full-spectrum light source of 10,000 lux for a minimum of 30 minutes a day. (V) Every year about 10 million Americans have a depressive episode linked to unemployment, but about only 20 percent usually seek treatment.

A
III
B
II
C
V
D
IV
E
I
Soru 6

(I) The normal cardiac cycle is controlled by an orderly sequence of depolarisation spreading into the ventricular myocardium through specialised conducting tissue. (II) Under the given circumstances, scientists have to find new sources of funding to their projects. (III) In ventricular fibrillation this coordinated sequence is lost and individual muscle cells depolarise in an apparently random fashion with the loss of all coordinated muscular activity. (IV) In such a case, in which muscular activity is lost, the heart stops functioning as an effective pump. (V) In the absence of cardiac output or a functioning pump, the myocardium becomes more ischaemic and irreversible cerebral anoxic damage occurs within a few minutes.

A
II
B
IV
C
I
D
V
E
III
Soru 7

A recent study has introduced a new treatment for skeletal system injuries. A carbon material, which could lead to more powerful treatments for skeletal system injuries, such as fractures, is included for the first time in such studies. The purpose of the trial is to develop a new kind of medication to repair injured bone using stem cells from human bone marrow as well as these carbon nanotubes. In the study, it is expected that this research could lead to the enhancement of bone regeneration. The use of stem cells taken from human bone marrow has already been tried in fracture treatment due to their potential to regenerate bone in patients who have lost large areas of bone from either disease or trauma, and progress has been made. However, this research has opened up the possibility of developing a new kind of medication that effectively treats skeletal injuries, such as fractures. Furthermore, it may lead to such advancements as making artificial joints and teeth with the use of 3D printing.

It is clear from the  text that -------.

A
artificial joints are successful alternatives to insufficient stem cell usage
B
the trial is likely to give rise to further developments in treating bone injuries
C
skeletal system injuries could not be treated before stem cell studies
D
working on stem cells is a new field that has not been practised before
E
working on stem cells is a new field of study never taken up before
Soru 8

A recent study has introduced a new treatment for skeletal system injuries. A carbon material, which could lead to more powerful treatments for skeletal system injuries, such as fractures, is included for the first time in such studies. The purpose of the trial is to develop a new kind of medication to repair injured bone using stem cells from human bone marrow as well as these carbon nanotubes. In the study, it is expected that this research could lead to the enhancement of bone regeneration. The use of stem cells taken from human bone marrow has already been tried in fracture treatment due to their potential to regenerate bone in patients who have lost large areas of bone from either disease or trauma, and progress has been made. However, this research has opened up the possibility of developing a new kind of medication that effectively treats skeletal injuries, such as fractures. Furthermore, it may lead to such advancements as making artificial joints and teeth with the use of 3D printing.

The text is mainly about -------.

A
alternative ways of using stem cells to produce artificial joints and teeth for humans
B
a new method that has made use of 3D printing techniques to enhance bone regeneration
C
the developmental steps of using stem cells in bone regeneration after trauma
D
a new study on skeletal system injuries with some promising results
E
studies that aim to treat skeletal system injuries using stem cells from human marrows
Soru 9

There are many different subtypes of type A influenza virus. These subtypes differ because of certain proteins on the surface of the virus. Infection with certain avian influenza A virus caused by some H5 and H7 strains can cause widespread disease and death among some species of domestic birds. Since 1997, several outbreaks of H5 and H7 influenza have occurred only among poultry in the United States. In some parts of the world, the H5N1 avian influenza virus and H7N9 virus have, however, resulted in bird flu in humans. Bird flu has a high death rate in humans, possibly because people have little immune system protection against avian influenza viruses. Most cases of bird flu infection in people have occurred as a result of contact with infected birds. Infection also may result from contact with contaminated surfaces, from eating undercooked poultry or eggs from infected birds or through contact with a person who has bird flu, which in fact rarely occurs. Researchers look at a number of factors including the genetic markers of each virus to help determine the risk for human infection.

We understand from the text that ------- .

A
the number of infected poultry in the United States is much lower than that in other countries
B
spread of the H5 and H7 viruses in the United States has affected poultry since 1997
C
In 1997, the United States faced two serious H7N9 pandemics among poultry
D
poultry have a stronger immune system protection than other animals
E
bird flu is not fatal in humans due to their strong immune system
Soru 10

There are many different subtypes of type A influenza virus. These subtypes differ because of certain proteins on the surface of the virus. Infection with certain avian influenza A virus caused by some H5 and H7 strains can cause widespread disease and death among some species of domestic birds. Since 1997, several outbreaks of H5 and H7 influenza have occurred only among poultry in the United States. In some parts of the world, the H5N1 avian influenza virus and H7N9 virus have, however, resulted in bird flu in humans. Bird flu has a high death rate in humans, possibly because people have little immune system protection against avian influenza viruses. Most cases of bird flu infection in people have occurred as a result of contact with infected birds. Infection also may result from contact with contaminated surfaces, from eating undercooked poultry or eggs from infected birds or through contact with a person who has bird flu, which in fact rarely occurs. Researchers look at a number of factors including the genetic markers of each virus to help determine the risk for human infection.

According to the text, -------.

A
experts have made satisfactory progress and come up with an effective solution
B
the United States and other nations are taking steps against migrating bird species
C
inherited features of avian influenza viruses are one aspect being studied by experts
D
a genetic test must be compulsory in the United States
E
the government has stopped the sales of poultry products in many regions
Sınavı tamamlamak için butona tıklayınız, yanlışlarınız gösterilecektir. Sonuçları al.
10 tamamladınız.
Liste
Geri dön
Tamamlananlar işaretlendi.
12345
678910
Son
Geri dön

 

Bir cevap yazın

E-posta hesabınız yayımlanmayacak.