YÖKDİL Sosyal Bilimler Testleri 4

YÖKDİL Sosyal Testleri 4

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Yanıtlarınız aşağıdaki gibidir.
Soru 1

Some indigenous people in Africa are ---- gifted in the art of healing people and even better than doctors.

A
hardly
B
exceptionally
C
gradually
D
necessarily
E
respectively
Soru 2

Social sciences mainly study how people interact ---- and relate ---- one another.

A
on / out
B
with / to
C
up / onto
D
from / in
E
at / into
Soru 3

---- to England in 1859, Darwin ---- his ideas about evolution in his great work, On the Origin of Species.

A
To return / publish
B
Returned / had published
C
To have returned / will publish
D
Returning / published
E
Having returned / has published
Soru 4

Since people cannot learn new material ---- sleeping, one way to minimize forgetting is to sleep after studying material.

A
although
B
while
C
in that
D
unless
E
if
Soru 5

It appears ---- moderate consumption of alcohol and a Mediterranean diet may reduce the risk of dementia

A
whose
B
that
C
when
D
what
E
which
Soru 6

----, rather, they just repeated many of their previous mistakes

A
Vietnam era policy-makers did not apply the lessons of the Korean War to the Vietnam War
B
Just five years after Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombed, the Korean War was not an atomic war
C
The United States attempted to keep the Korean and Vietnam wars on a very small scale
D
The congress refused the proposal to start a new war in Vietnam
E
The Korean War also strengthened the US relationship with Britain
Soru 7

---- unless they are identical twins.

A
No two people share the exact combination of genes
B
Most people would like to have a family to depend on
C
Sometimes parents have argued and even got divorced
D
Couples have difficulty in looking after a child
E
Siblings do not get on well due to financial hardships
Soru 8

Considering the repeated attacks on civilians, there has been a debate about ----.

A
whether capital punishment should be reinstated in order to deter terrorists
B
however the state struggles to root out the source of terrorists attacks
C
that terrorists who indiscriminately and brutally massacre thousands of citizens must be found
D
so that they can reach a consensus on such critical issues as discrimination
E
unless children are discouraged from watching violent movies on television
Soru 9

Tam uçak havalanacağı sırada, gidilecek havalimanındaki grevin haberi geldi

A
Hardly had the plane taken off when the news of strike at the destination airport came
B
The plane was taking off when the news of strike at the destination airport was heard
C
During the take-off, it was learned that there was strike at the destination airport
D
Just as the plane was about to take off, there came the news of strike at the destination airport.
E
While the plane was taking off, it had already been heard that there was strike at the destination airport.
Soru 10

In many organizations, perhaps the best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a group of people into a team. This offers several advantages. First, a group has a wider range of knowledge and skills than any single individual is likely to possess. Sometimes creative solutions come about because a group is able to make risky decisions, but an individual might not easily do so. This is because the group spreads responsibility for a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the decision turns out to be wrong. Taking part in a group process can also be very rewarding for members of the team. When team members have a voice in making a decision, they surely feel better about carrying out the work. Furthermore, a team member has a better chance to shine since his ideas and contributions are recognized as significant.

  •  It is stated in the passage that in terms of knowledge and skill, ----.
A
the elderly can anticipate different aspects of fulfilling a project
B
the best way to achieve a task is to work alone
C
an executive group needs to include a gifted personnel
D
an abrupt decision is the only way out for the risky responsibilities
E
an individual cannot outperform a team
Soru 11

In many organizations, perhaps the best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a group of people into a team. This offers several advantages. First, a group has a wider range of knowledge and skills than any single individual is likely to possess. Sometimes creative solutions come about because a group is able to make risky decisions, but an individual might not easily do so. This is because the group spreads responsibility for a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the decision turns out to be wrong. Taking part in a group process can also be very rewarding for members of the team. When team members have a voice in making a decision, they surely feel better about carrying out the work. Furthermore, a team member has a better chance to shine since his ideas and contributions are recognized as significant.

  • One can understand from the paragraph that ----.
A
a task cannot be planned and completed without the help of group members
B
an organization member always has to be good at creating new solutions
C
the contributions of a team member is considered more crucial than those of a single person
D
a person feel more relax when he works alone on a project
E
without working in a group, an individual cannot gain more reputation in a company with his thoughts
Soru 12

In many organizations, perhaps the best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a group of people into a team. This offers several advantages. First, a group has a wider range of knowledge and skills than any single individual is likely to possess. Sometimes creative solutions come about because a group is able to make risky decisions, but an individual might not easily do so. This is because the group spreads responsibility for a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the decision turns out to be wrong. Taking part in a group process can also be very rewarding for members of the team. When team members have a voice in making a decision, they surely feel better about carrying out the work. Furthermore, a team member has a better chance to shine since his ideas and contributions are recognized as significant.

  • The passage is mainly about ----.
A
pros and cons of new projects for an organization
B
the challenges individuals may encounter when they work in a group
C
an organizational project carried out by a group of people
D
the advantages of working in a group for both the team and the team member
E
the difficulties an individual may encounter when working alone
Soru 13

Robert Capa has been the synonym of war photography. Born as Friedmann Endre Ernő, Capa was forced to leave his homeland after his involvement in anti-government protests. Capa had originally wanted to become a writer, but after his arrival in Berlin, he first found work as a photographer. He later left Germany and moved to France due to the rise in Nazism. He tried to find work as a freelance journalist. It was there that he changed his name to Robert Capa, mainly because he thought it would sound more American. In 1936, after the breakout of the Spanish Civil war, Capa went to Spain and it was here over the next three years that he built his reputation as a war photographer. One of Capa’s most famous quotes was 'If your pictures aren't good enough, you're not close enough.' And he took his attitude of getting close to the action to an extreme. His photograph, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier is a prime example of this as Capa captures the very moment the soldier falls. However, many have questioned the authenticity of this photograph, claiming that it was staged and fake.

  •  According to the passage, Capa ----.
A
moved to France as a result of the breakout of the Spanish Civil War
B
ignored, in his photography, the necessity to be close to the action
C
changed his name in order to sound more American
D
didn’t think that his pictures were good enough
E
initially wanted to work as a war photographer
Soru 14

Robert Capa has been the synonym of war photography. Born as Friedmann Endre Ernő, Capa was forced to leave his homeland after his involvement in anti-government protests. Capa had originally wanted to become a writer, but after his arrival in Berlin, he first found work as a photographer. He later left Germany and moved to France due to the rise in Nazism. He tried to find work as a freelance journalist. It was there that he changed his name to Robert Capa, mainly because he thought it would sound more American. In 1936, after the breakout of the Spanish Civil war, Capa went to Spain and it was here over the next three years that he built his reputation as a war photographer. One of Capa’s most famous quotes was 'If your pictures aren't good enough, you're not close enough.' And he took his attitude of getting close to the action to an extreme. His photograph, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier is a prime example of this as Capa captures the very moment the soldier falls. However, many have questioned the authenticity of this photograph, claiming that it was staged and fake.

  • We can understand from the passage that ----.
A
Robert Capa is the most important name in war photography as he is incredibly productive
B
Capa acquired fame as a war photographer in his first three years in Spain
C
Capa left Germany because of anti-government protests
D
Spain was dealing with a civil war when Capa lived in his homeland
E
Berlin is the place where Capa became a writer
Soru 15

Robert Capa has been the synonym of war photography. Born as Friedmann Endre Ernő, Capa was forced to leave his homeland after his involvement in anti-government protests. Capa had originally wanted to become a writer, but after his arrival in Berlin, he first found work as a photographer. He later left Germany and moved to France due to the rise in Nazism. He tried to find work as a freelance journalist. It was there that he changed his name to Robert Capa, mainly because he thought it would sound more American. In 1936, after the breakout of the Spanish Civil war, Capa went to Spain and it was here over the next three years that he built his reputation as a war photographer. One of Capa’s most famous quotes was 'If your pictures aren't good enough, you're not close enough.' And he took his attitude of getting close to the action to an extreme. His photograph, The Death of a Loyalist Soldier is a prime example of this as Capa captures the very moment the soldier falls. However, many have questioned the authenticity of this photograph, claiming that it was staged and fake.

  • It is pointed out in the passage that “The Death of a Loyalist Soldier” ----.
A
has been a disputed issue for many who have alleged it was not genuine
B
is the sole example of being officially a successful photographer
C
was not an original photo for many war photographers in Spain
D
made Robert Capa famous for his talent in journalism
E
was admired by Capa’s contemporaries in the US
Soru 16

Regular maintenance is necessary for all kinds of appliances. It enables repairmen to detect developing problems before they appear. Then, cheap measures can be taken. This prevents the repairing expenditure which can cost quite a lot. However, most customers don’t give enough importance to maintenance. They either think it is unnecessary or that there is no problem with their machinery. However, when break-downs occur, they have to spend small fortunes on the spare parts and repairing. Then, some of them regret neglecting maintenance. On the other hand, others still think maintenance is not necessary as they claim that their machinery lasts very long without breaking down. This is just by chance, and everyone is not so lucky.

  •  Upon reading the passage, we can conclude that the author ----.
A
criticizes only people who partly support maintenance
B
is an expert who has earned a lot of money by repairing appliances
C
can’t make an exact decision about whether maintenance is beneficial or not
D
has himself saved money thanks to maintenance
E
is in favour of regular maintenance
Soru 17

Regular maintenance is necessary for all kinds of appliances. It enables repairmen to detect developing problems before they appear. Then, cheap measures can be taken. This prevents the repairing expenditure which can cost quite a lot. However, most customers don’t give enough importance to maintenance. They either think it is unnecessary or that there is no problem with their machinery. However, when break-downs occur, they have to spend small fortunes on the spare parts and repairing. Then, some of them regret neglecting maintenance. On the other hand, others still think maintenance is not necessary as they claim that their machinery lasts very long without breaking down. This is just by chance, and everyone is not so lucky.

  •  According to the passage, the main reason why some people avoid maintenance ----.
A
is their opinion that there is no need for that as their machinery is running properly
B
is that it can sometimes be more expensive than repairing
C
can be the false belief that it may lead to more serious problems
D
is the lack of knowledge about how to use their appliances the most efficiently
E
can be the fact that they don’t want to stop their running machinery
Soru 18

Regular maintenance is necessary for all kinds of appliances. It enables repairmen to detect developing problems before they appear. Then, cheap measures can be taken. This prevents the repairing expenditure which can cost quite a lot. However, most customers don’t give enough importance to maintenance. They either think it is unnecessary or that there is no problem with their machinery. However, when break-downs occur, they have to spend small fortunes on the spare parts and repairing. Then, some of them regret neglecting maintenance. On the other hand, others still think maintenance is not necessary as they claim that their machinery lasts very long without breaking down. This is just by chance, and everyone is not so lucky.

  • According to the passage that it is just a matter of chance ----.
A
for the repairmen to detect the problem with an appliance before it arises
B
to get maintenance done on time
C
for owners of appliances to find spare parts
D
that we will have appliances that never break down
E
to save money by neglecting maintenance
Soru 19

The number of people who die in traffic accidents is so high that measures need to be taken urgently. Actually, deaths can be minimized by several very simple measures. ----. Though this is a very simple safety measure, few people care about it.

A
For instance, wearing the seatbelts can save thousands of lives
B
Cars should be serviced at least once a year to avoid major expenditure
C
Speed limit is the fastest speed at which you can travel safely
D
Statistics indicate all drivers wear their seatbelts in short distance travel in Sweden
E
People with serious eye defects are not given driving licences in Norway
Soru 20

(I) The Impressionists were a loose group of late-nineteenth-century French painters who painted casual, everyday scenes of middle-class life with bright colors. (II) "Avant-garde" is French for "advance guard." (III) The term describes how certain groups of artists since the mid-nineteenth century have thought of themselves as plunging bravely into the future, ahead of the laggards of mainstream society. (IV) It is difficult to pinpoint the origin of the phrase. (V) However, an early example of its use in a French essay from 1845 on the role of the artist gives a good sense of its meaning: Art is the forerunner.

A
II
B
III
C
I
D
IV
E
V
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