2013 YDS İngilizce İlkbahar Çıkmış Sorular (Part 4)

2013 YDS İngilizce İlkbahar Çıkmış Sorular (Part 4)

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Yanıtlarınız aşağıdaki gibidir.
Soru 1

Before they are allowed to be used, all medicines, including vaccines, are ---- tested to assess how safe and effective they are.

A
incidentally
B
fatally
C
offensively
D
thoroughly
E
hazardously
Soru 2

In non-literate societies, valuable information about the past is often enshrined in oral tradition – poems, hymns or sayings ---- from generation to generation by word of mouth.

A
thrown up
B
handed down
C
taken off
D
rooted out
E
kept off
Soru 3

---- the types of individuals it seeks to attract, an organization ---- to consider what methods to use to reach them.

A
Having established / needs
B
Being established / will need
C
Establishing / had needed
D
Established / needed
E
To have established / could need
Soru 4

As Antarctic glaciers collapse ---- the sea, scientists struggle to find out what that means ---- the rise of sea levels.

A
from / behind
B
on / for
C
against / in
D
over / to
E
around / along
Soru 5

---- deriving two-thirds of its power supply from fossil fuels, power producers in India cannot get enough pipeline space to distribute natural gas.

A
By means of
B
Despite
C
As a result of
D
Besides
E
Rather than
Soru 6

Despite the political upheavals in the Arab world, ----.

A
business boom, in places like Dubai and Abu Dhabi, has had little impact on the economies
B
emphasis on new policies is required to overcome recession in these countries
C
stability, strong economic growth and value for money are the key factors of economic mobility
D
the Middle East is gaining ground to become one of the world’s popular tourist destinations
E
the airlines are rapidly expanding their routes in Europe and Asia
Soru 7

It might not be practical to use a different password for every single website that you log into ----.

A
so online shopping involves more than just a seller and a buyer
B
but it is definitely worth having more than one for security reasons
C
while the term ‘surfing’ has become more widespread as more people use computers
D
since nicknames on the Internet are not enough to protect you from harm
E
although it is more suggestible for someone to rely on a computer engineer
Soru 8

----, Indian culture was primarily oral, with a high value placed on recounting tales and dreams.

A
Even though the first Indians began constructing earthen burial sites and fortifications around 600 BC
B
As native American Indians evolved into complex hierarchical societies that practiced human sacrifice
C
If all European emigrants had left their homelands to escape political oppression
D
No matter how extraordinarily diverse Indian customs and culture have been
E
Although some North American tribes developed a type of hieroglyphics to preserve certain texts
Soru 9

For the last 20 years, there has been an ongoing argument as to whether jazz is no longer an exclusively American let alone an Afro-American music.

A
Son yirmi yıldır, Afro-Amerikan müziği olmasını bir kenara bırakın, cazın artık yalnızca Amerikan müziği olup olmadığı konusunda süregelen bir tartışma mevcuttur.
B
Son yirmi yılın süregelen tartışması, Afro-Amerikan müziği olmasından ziyade, cazın artık tamamıyla Amerikan müziği olup olmadığıdır.
C
Son yirmi yıldır, cazın Afro-Amerikan müziği olmasını göz ardı eden ve tamamen Amerikan müziği olduğunu savunan bir tartışma süregelmektedir.
D
Son yirmi yıldır, Afro-Amerikan müziği olmaktan çıktığı varsayılan cazın sadece Amerikan müziği olup olmadığını sorgulayan bir tartışma bulunmaktadır.
E
Son yirmi yıldır, Afro-Amerikan müziği olmasını bırakın, cazın daha ne kadar Amerikan müziği olarak anılabileceği tartışılmaktadır.
Soru 10

Kendine ait önemli rezervleri bulunmayan dünyanın en büyük enerji tüketicisi Avrupa Birliği, ihtiyaç duyduğu enerjinin % 50’sini ithal etmektedir ve ithal enerjiye olan bağımlılığının 2030 yılına kadar % 70’e çıkacağı tahmin edilmektedir.

A
The European Union is the world’s largest energy consumer without its own significant energy reserves, and it is estimated that its reliance on imported energy will rise to 70% by 2030, while it is 50% now.
B
As the world’s largest energy consumer with its limited energy reserves, the European Union imports around 50% of the energy it needs, and it will probably be more dependent on energy import with a 70% increase by 2030.
C
The world’s largest energy consumer without its own significant reserves, the European Union imports 50% of the energy it needs, and it is predicted that its dependence on imported energy will rise to 70% by 2030
D
As the world’s largest energy consumer, the European Union has no important energy reserves, and it is envisioned that its dependence on imported energy will increase to 70% by 2030, on the assumption that it buys 50% of its energy from other countries
E
Besides being the world’s largest energy consumer today which lacks its own reserves, the European Union imports 50% of the energy it requires, and it is foreseen that its energy import will go up to 70% by 2030.
Soru 11

Imagine an industry that runs out of raw materials. Companies go bankrupt, workers are laid off, families suffer and associated organizations are thrown into turmoil. Eventually, governments are forced to take drastic action. Welcome to global banking, recently brought to its knees by the interruption of its lifeblood – the flow of cash. In this case, we seem to have been fortunate. In the nick of time, governments released reserves in order to start cash circulating again. But what if the reserves had not been there? What are we going to do when our supplies of vital materials such as fish, tropical hardwoods, metals like indium and fresh water dry up? We live on a planet with finite resources – that is no surprise to anyone – so why do we have an economic system in which all that matters is growth – more growth means using more resources. When the human population was counted in millions and resources were sparse, people could simply move to new pastures. However, with 9 billion people expected around 2050, moving on is not an option. As politicians reconstruct the global economy, they should take heed. If we are to leave any kind of planet to our children, we need an economic system that lets us live within our means.

The author starts the passage with an example from industry in order to ----.

A
emphasize the importance of raw materials
B
present the conditions of the workers who are currently employed
C
explain why raw materials are used in industry
D
describe the impact of the banking system on industry
E
indicate the possible consequences of global industrialization
Soru 12

Imagine an industry that runs out of raw materials. Companies go bankrupt, workers are laid off, families suffer and associated organizations are thrown into turmoil. Eventually, governments are forced to take drastic action. Welcome to global banking, recently brought to its knees by the interruption of its lifeblood – the flow of cash. In this case, we seem to have been fortunate. In the nick of time, governments released reserves in order to start cash circulating again. But what if the reserves had not been there? What are we going to do when our supplies of vital materials such as fish, tropical hardwoods, metals like indium and fresh water dry up? We live on a planet with finite resources – that is no surprise to anyone – so why do we have an economic system in which all that matters is growth – more growth means using more resources. When the human population was counted in millions and resources were sparse, people could simply move to new pastures. However, with 9 billion people expected around 2050, moving on is not an option. As politicians reconstruct the global economy, they should take heed. If we are to leave any kind of planet to our children, we need an economic system that lets us live within our means.

According to the passage, the global banking crisis was resolved because governments ----.

A
involved the necessary organizations
B
bought new supplies of vital materials
C
acted quickly to find a solution
D
cooperated closely with the industry
E
sold off large supplies of cash
Soru 13

Imagine an industry that runs out of raw materials. Companies go bankrupt, workers are laid off, families suffer and associated organizations are thrown into turmoil. Eventually, governments are forced to take drastic action. Welcome to global banking, recently brought to its knees by the interruption of its lifeblood – the flow of cash. In this case, we seem to have been fortunate. In the nick of time, governments released reserves in order to start cash circulating again. But what if the reserves had not been there? What are we going to do when our supplies of vital materials such as fish, tropical hardwoods, metals like indium and fresh water dry up? We live on a planet with finite resources – that is no surprise to anyone – so why do we have an economic system in which all that matters is growth – more growth means using more resources. When the human population was counted in millions and resources were sparse, people could simply move to new pastures. However, with 9 billion people expected around 2050, moving on is not an option. As politicians reconstruct the global economy, they should take heed. If we are to leave any kind of planet to our children, we need an economic system that lets us live within our means.

The main point made in the passage is that ----.

A
industries need to look carefully at the raw materials used
B
all governments should have a responsibility to help out in times of crisis
C
the economic system currently in place must be rethought
D
the global banking system can throw the world into turmoil
E
population explosion is one of the greatest threats to mankind as it requires more planning
Soru 14

Imagine an industry that runs out of raw materials. Companies go bankrupt, workers are laid off, families suffer and associated organizations are thrown into turmoil. Eventually, governments are forced to take drastic action. Welcome to global banking, recently brought to its knees by the interruption of its lifeblood – the flow of cash. In this case, we seem to have been fortunate. In the nick of time, governments released reserves in order to start cash circulating again. But what if the reserves had not been there? What are we going to do when our supplies of vital materials such as fish, tropical hardwoods, metals like indium and fresh water dry up? We live on a planet with finite resources – that is no surprise to anyone – so why do we have an economic system in which all that matters is growth – more growth means using more resources. When the human population was counted in millions and resources were sparse, people could simply move to new pastures. However, with 9 billion people expected around 2050, moving on is not an option. As politicians reconstruct the global economy, they should take heed. If we are to leave any kind of planet to our children, we need an economic system that lets us live within our means.

It is pointed out in the passage that in the past ----.

A
an economic system of growth was easy to establish
B
it was rare for businesses to actually fail
C
industry was far less dependent on raw materials
D
resources were more valuable than they are today
E
it was easy for people to find new resources
Soru 15

Jale:  Here is an article about how people react in emergencies. Researchers say that when more people are around, it reduces the chances of actually being helped.

Adnan:  ----

Jale:  Apparently, onlookers provide a model for action. If they are docile and disinterested, the situation may seem less serious.

Adnan:  I think if there is only one bystander, your chance of being helped increases, as he will think he must help immediately.

A
Who were the participants in this research?
B
How did they carry out that research?
C
Is an individual aware that others are present?
D
Is this finding true for all cultures?
E
Do they offer any explanation as to why this happens?
Soru 16

Ayça:  Do you think environmental factors like diet and stress affect the ageing process as much as the decline of hormonal systems?

Berkan:  ----

Ayça:  So, you mean physiological and environmental factors contribute to one’s longevity to the same degree.

Berkan:  Definitely! I also think living in an extended family and playing an important role in society bring in some beneficial effects.

A
Perhaps, calorie restriction and anti-ageing treatments can be successful interventions that may cause increases in life expectancy.
B
Extending one’s lifespan isn’t simply a case of stopping the ageing process, because ageing isn’t a scientifically recognized cause of death.
C
I don’t believe dietary habits and lifestyle have much to do with ageing. It’s all about the gradual failing of the body to be able to repair itself and replace cells.
D
Even if ageing seems to be a serious problem for many people, some rely on plastic surgeries to cope with it.
E
I heard some people live longer and have fewer health problems than others thanks to their easy-going lifestyle and the amount of vegetables they consume.
Soru 17

Most measurements of happiness are by standardized questionnaires or interview schedules. It could also be done by informed observers – those who know the individual well and see them regularly. ---- Yet, another form of measurement is to investigate a person’s memory and check whether they feel predominantly happy or unhappy about their past. Finally, there are some crude but ever-developing physical measures looking at everything from brain scanning to saliva levels.

A
Being objective in this process is more important than being an observer.
B
Findings suggest that ancestors of Finnish people made use of such methods.
C
There is also experience sampling, where people report how happy they are many times a day.
D
It should be kept in mind that such tests might be misleading in many cases.
E
A question still remains unanswered: to what extent can one express happiness on a sheet of questions?
Soru 18

Everything in the factories of the future will be run by smarter software. Digitization in manufacturing will have as widespread an effect as in other industries that have gone digital, including photography, publishing and films. Such effects will not be confined to large manufacturers, either. ---- Launching new and innovative products will become easier and cheaper for them.

A
As such, companies from all over the world use China and India as low-wage workshops.
B
Nonetheless, companies are also optimistic about a manufacturing revival.
C
The materials being used to make things are changing faster than they were in the past.
D
In addition, it will allow things to be made economically in much smaller quantities.
E
In fact, these developments will empower smaller firms and individual entrepreneurs.
Soru 19

Stephen Hawking, the famed theoretical physicist diagnosed with Lou Gehrig’s disease, lost the ability to speak thirty years ago. In the meantime, a computerized voice generated by an infrared sensor inside Hawking’s mouth has allowed him to communicate. According to a recent report, however, the muscles controlling the device have been deteriorating, limiting him to as little as one word per minute. ---- This is a horrifying prospect for the scientific community that has benefitted greatly from his findings. But a new device recording brain functions at an unprecedented level of detail was developed and has been proposed to improve Hawking’s ability to communicate once again.

A
Without a new means of communication, Hawking runs the risk of being rendered mute.
B
Thanks to recent developments, researchers are now able to keep the disease under control as in Hawking’s condition.
C
The muscles in the mouth can be kept under control by using a great variety of equipments.
D
The sensor in the mouth is an effective way to continue communication with people unable to speak.
E
Such devices can be used to monitor the sleep pattern and the disorders of the deaf.
Soru 20

(I) Aristotle explored the apparent ties between odour and memory in his work On Sense and the Sensible. (II) Since then, people have speculated that the memories elicited by smell are more intimate and immediate than other recollections. (III) When we experience certain smells, we often find ourselves taken back in time to a specific event or scene. (IV) Many movies of the 1980s include scenes that trigger memories of childhood and school years. (V) For example, the smell of a salsa, a sauce eaten with Mexican food, may remind a person of watching James Bond movies on television with his or her father while dipping chips in the spicy sauce.

A
I
B
IV
C
III
D
V
E
II
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